Patristic / Medieval
Trench - On The
Stilling of the
(On Gospel, Epistle, Collect)
the Holy Sacrament)
Common Prayer Commentary
G. MacDonald -
on the Government of Nature
Keble's Poem -
Epiphany IV from The
Daily Office Readings for Epiphany IV from Cdn BCP (i.e. 1955 revision of C of E's 1922 lectionary)
Links to Images of the Gospel
Biblical Art on the WWW
O God, who knowest us to be set in the
so many and great dangers, that by reason of the frailty of our nature
we cannot always stand upright: Grant to us such strength and
as may support us in all dangers, and carry us through all temptations;
through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The English Reformers appointed the following Epistle in place of the original Epistle from the Sarum Missal (see below):
THE EPISTLE. Rom. 13. 1-7
LET every soul be subject unto the higher
there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of
Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of
and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. For
are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then
be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have
of the same: for he is the minister of God to thee for good. But
if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword
in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath
him that doeth evil. Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only
for wrath, but also for conscience sake. For for this cause pay
tribute also; for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon
this very thing. Render therefore to all their dues; tribute to
tribute is due, custom to whom custom, fear to whom fear, honour to
The Sarum Missal, appointed the following Epistle (which the Reformers had added to the beginning of the Epistle for Advent 1, which in Sarum was Rom 13.11-14):
THE EPISTLE. Rom. 13. 8-10
OWE no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth his neighbour hath fulfilled the law. For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Love works no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.
The Sarum Missal appointed only the first miracle, S. Matthew 8:23-27, the Reformers lengthened this Gospel (from "And when he was come to the other side..."):
S. Matthew 8. 23-34
AND when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him. And behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep. And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us, we perish. And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm. But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him!
And when he was come to the other side into the country of the Gergesenes, there met him two possessed with devils, coming out of the tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass by that way. And behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time? And there was a good way off from them an herd of many swine, feeding. So the devils besought him, saying, If thou cast us out, suffer us to go away into the herd of swine. And he said unto them, Go. And when they were come out, they went into the herd of swine: and behold, the whole herd of swine ran violently down a steep place into the sea, and perished in the waters. And they that kept them fled, and went their ways into the city, and told every thing, and what was befallen to the possessed of the devils. And behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus: and when they saw him, they besought him that he would depart out of their coasts.
The Canadian 1962 BCP returned to the same miracle as in the original Sarum Gospel, but the parallel text in St. Mark's Gospel:
S. Mark 4. 35-41
AND the same day, when the even was come, Jesus
unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side. And when they
sent away the multitude, they took him even as he was in the
And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the
so that it was now full. And he was in the hinder part of the
asleep on a pillow: and they awake him, and say unto him, Master,
thou not that we perish? And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and
said unto the sea, Peace be still. And the wind ceased, and there
was a great calm. And he said unto them, Why are ye so fearful?
is it that ye have no faith? And they feared exceedingly, and
one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the
sea obey him?
O SING unto the Lord a new song; / for he hath
2 With his own right hand, and with his holy
arm, / hath
he gotten himself the victory.
Ant. The Lord hath declared his salvation: / his
hath he openly shewed in the sight of the nations.
4 He hath remembered his mercy and his
the house of Israel; / and all the ends of the world have seen the
of our God.
5 Show yourselves joyful unto the Lord, all ye
/ sing, rejoice, and give thanks.
6 Praise the Lord upon the harp: / sing to the
a psalm of thanksgiving.
7 With trumpets also and the sound of the horn,
/ O show
yourselves joyful before the Lord, the King.
Glory be. Repeat Antiphon.
8 Let the sea make a noise, and all that is
/ the round world, and they that dwell therein.
9 Let the floods clap their hands, and let the
be joyful together before the Lord; / for he is come to judge the earth.
Alleluia, All. With righteousness shall he judge the world
the peoples with equity. All.
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