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John Wesley's notes on the Gospel:  Matthew 8:1-13
Chapter VIII 

2  A leper came - Leprosies in those countries were seldom curable by natural means, any more than palsies or lunacy. Probably this leper, though he might not mix with the people, had heard our Lord at a distance. Mark 1:40; Luke 5:12. 

4  See thou tell no man - Perhaps our Lord only meant here, Not till thou hast showed thyself to the priest - who was appointed to inquire into the case of leprosy. But many others he commanded, absolutely, to tell none of tho miracles he had wrought upon them. And this he seems to have done, chiefly for one or more of these reasons: 
     1. To prevent the multitude from thronging him, in the manner related Mark 1:45. 
     2. To fulfil the prophecy, Isaiah 42:1, that he would not be vain or ostentatious. This 
          reason St. Matthew assigns, Matt 12:17, &c. 
     3. To avoid the being taken by force and made a king, John 6:15. And, 
     4. That he might not enrage the chief priests, scribes, and Pharisees, who were the 
     most bitter against him, any more than was unavoidable, Matt 16:20,21. 
     For a testimony - That I am the Messiah; to them - The priests, who otherwise 
     might have pleaded want of evidence. Lev 14:2. 

5  There came to him a centurion - A captain of a hundred Roman soldiers. Probably he came a little way toward him, and then went back. He thought himself not worthy to come in person, and therefore spoke the words that follow by his messengers. As it is not unusual in all languages, so in the Hebrew it is peculiarly frequent, to ascribe to a person himself the thing which is done, and the words which are spoken by his order. And accordingly St. Matthew relates as said by the centurion himself, what others said by order from him. An instance of the same kind we have in the case of Zebedee's children. From St. Matthew, Mt 20:20, we learn it was their mother that spoke those words, which, Mark 10:35,37, themselves are said to speak; because she was only their mouth. Yet from ver. 13, Mt 8:13, Go thy way home, it appears he at length came in person, probably on hearing that Jesus was nearer to his house than he apprehended when he sent the second message by his friends. Luke 7:1. 

8  The centurion answered - By his second messengers. 

9  For I am a man under authority - I am only an inferior officer: and what I command, is done even in my absence: how much more what thou commandest, who art Lord of all! 

10  I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel - For the centurion was not an Israelite. 

11  Many from the farthest parts of the earth shall embrace the terms and enjoy the rewards of the Gospel covenant established with Abraham. But the Jews, who have the first title to them, shall be shut out from the feast; from grace here, and hereafter from glory. Luke 13:29. 

12  The outer darkness - Our Lord here alludes to the custom the ancients had of making their feast in the night time. Probably while he was speaking this, the centurion came in person.        Matt 13:42,50; 22:13; 24:51; 25:30.