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The Ninth Sunday after Trinity







Patristic / Medieval 
Augustine (Epistle - the right use of food and drink Conf. 10.31)

Chrysostom (Epistle)
Cassian (On Gluttony)
Gregory the Great (1 Cor 10:13)

Gaudentius (Gospel)

John Climacus (Step 14 (On Gluttony) and Step 15 (On Chastity))


Catena Aurea (Gospel)

Dante's Purgatory

  - Gluttony - Cantos XXII (115) to XXIV

  - Lust - Cantos XXV(109) to XXVII

John of Ruysbroeck (Adornment of Spiritual Marriage)

  - Of Temperance and Sobriety

  - Of Purity

Walter Hilton (Scale of Perfection)

Gregory Palamas (Gospel)



Calvin (Gospel)
Calvin (Epistle)
Calvin (The 7th Commandment)
Luther (Gospel)
- Parable of the Wicked Mammon
The Homilies:
   - II - IV Against Gluttony and  
   - I - XI Against Whoredom and

Caroline Divines 
Herbert (On Gluttony)


Evangelical Revival 
Wesley's Notes (Gospel)
Wesley's Notes (Epistle)
Wesley Sermon (Gospel)
Wesley Sermon (Epistle)

Ryle (Gospel)


Oxford Movement 

Pusey (Epistle)
Williams (Epistle)
Williams (Gospel)
Blunt's Commentary
Scott's Commentary
Trench - On the Parables


Farrer (Weekly Paragraphs on the Holy Sacrament)


  - Definition of Gluttony

  - On Gluttony

  - Definition of Lust

Pieper (for the relation of chastity to prudence see Ch. 3 Chastity and Unchastity in his essay on Temperance )
Common Prayer Commentary

Sisterman (Prodigal Son (USA))
Tarsitano (Prodigal Son (USA))

Matthew Henry (Gospel)
Matthew Henry (Epistle)

Catechism of the Catholic Church (You shall not commit adultery)


Additional Materials

Keble poem - Trinity IX from The Christian Year


Links to Images of the Gospel



Grant to us, Lord, we beseech thee, the spirit to think and do always such things as be rightful; that we, who cannot do anything that is good without thee, may by thee be enabled to live according to thy will; through Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.


THE EPISTLE.  1 Cor. 10. 1 
BRETHREN, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; And did all eat the same spiritual meat; and did all drink the same spiritual drink (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ).  But with many of them God was not well pleased; for they were overthrown in the wilderness.  Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.  Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.  Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.  Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.  Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.  Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.  Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.  There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man; but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.
[The Canadian BCP 1962 adds the following...]
Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.  I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say.  The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ?  The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?  For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.

[The Canadian BCP 1962 took out of the above lection the following verse...]

Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. 



THE GOSPEL.  S. Luke 16. 1
JESUS said unto his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which had a steward; and the same was accused unto him that he had wasted his goods.  And he called him, and said unto him, How is it that I hear this of thee? give an account of thy stewardship; for thou mayest be no longer steward.  Then the steward said within himself, What shall I do? for my lord taketh away from me the stewardship: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed.  I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses.  So he called every one of his lord's debtors unto him, and said unto the first, How much owest thou unto my lord?  And he said, An hundred measures of oil.  And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and sit down quickly, and write fifty.  Then said he to another, And how much owest thou?  And he said, An hundred measures of wheat.  And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and write fourscore.  And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.  And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.
[The Canadian BCP 1962 extended the original Gospel by adding the verse following...]
He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much; and he that is unrighteous in that which is least is unrighteous also in much.

The Episcopal BCP 1928 changed the appointed Gospel to the Parable of the Prodigal Son - Luke 15:11-32.




SAVE me, O God, for thy Name's sake : and avenge me in thy strength.
2 Hear my prayer, O God : and hearken unto the words of my mouth.
3 For strangers are risen up against me and tyrants, which have not God before their eyes, seek after my soul.
Ant.  Behold, God is my helper : the Lord is with them that uphold my soul.
5 He shall reward evil unto mine enemies : destroy thou them in thy truth.
6 An offering of a free heart will I give thee, and praise thy Name, O Lord : because it is so comfortable.
7 For he hath delivered me out of all my trouble : and mine eye hath seen his desire upon mine enemies.
Glory be.  Repeat Antiphon.


GRADUAL.  Ps 105:39-43
39 He spread out a cloud to be a covering, / and fire to give light in the night-season.
40 At their desire he brought quails, / and he filled them with the bread of heaven. 
41 He opened the rock of stone, and the waters flowed out, / so that rivers ran in the dry places.
42 For why? he remembered his holy promise, / and Abraham his servant.
Alleluia, All.  And he brought forth his people with joy, / and his chosen with gladness.  All.


Additional Propers for Eucharistic Devotions