5 Ye younger, be subject to the elder - In years. And be all - Elder or
younger. Subject to each other - Let every one be ready, upon all occasions,
to give up his own will. Be clothed with humility - Bind it on, (so the word
signifies,) so that no force may be able to tear it from you. James 4:6; Prov 3:34
6 The hand of God - Is in all troubles.
7 Casting all your care upon him - In every want or pressure.
8 But in the mean time watch. There is a close connexion between this,
and the duly casting our care upon him. How deeply had St. Peter himself
suffered for want of watching! Be vigilant - As if he had said, Awake,
and keep awake. Sleep no more: be this your care. As a roaring lion - Full
of rage. Seeking - With all subtilty likewise. Whom he may devour or swallow
up - Both soul and body.
9 Be the more steadfast, as ye know the same kind of afflictions are
accomplished in - That is, suffered by, your brethren, till the measure
allotted them is filled up.
10 Now the God of all grace - By which alone the whole work is begun,
continued, and finished in your soul. After ye have suffered a while -
A very little while compared with eternity. Himself - Ye have only to watch
and resist the devil: the rest God will perform. Perfect - That no defect
may remain. Stablish - That nothing may overthrow you. Strengthen - That
ye may conquer all adverse power. And settle you - As an house upon a rock.
So the apostle, being converted, does now "strengthen his brethren."