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The Fourth Sunday after the Epiphany







Patristic / Medieval 

Origen (Gospel)
Cyril (Gospel)
Jerome (Gospel)
Chrysostom (Gospel)
Chrysostom (Epistle)

Catena Aurea (Matthew's Gospel)

Catena Aurea (Mark's Gospel)



Calvin (Gospel)
Calvin (Epistle)
Luther (Gospel)

Caroline Divines 

Evangelical Revival 
Whitefield (Gospel)
Wesley's notes (Epistle)
Wesley's notes (Gospel)


Oxford Movement 
Keble (Gospel)
Williams (Epistle)
Williams (Gospel)
Trench - On The Stilling of the Tempest
Blunt's Commentary
Scott (On Gospel, Epistle, Collect)


Farrer (Weekly Paragraph on the Holy Sacrament)
Common Prayer Commentary



G. MacDonald - Miracles on the Government of Nature
Matthew Henry (Epistle)
Matthew Henry (Gospel)


Additional Materials

Keble's Poem - Epiphany IV from The Christian Year
Daily Office Readings for Epiphany IV from Cdn BCP (i.e. 1955 revision of C of E's 1922 lectionary)
Links to Images of the Gospel
   - Biblical Art on the WWW
   - Textweek



O God, who knowest us to be set in the midst of so many and great dangers, that by reason of the frailty of our nature we cannot always stand upright: Grant to us such strength and protection, as may support us in all dangers, and carry us through all temptations; through Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.

The English Reformers appointed the following Epistle in place of the original Epistle from the Sarum Missal (see below):
THE EPISTLE.  Rom. 13. 1-7 
LET every soul be subject unto the higher powers; for there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.  Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.  For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil.  Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same: for he is the minister of God to thee for good.  But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.  Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.  For for this cause pay ye tribute also; for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.  Render therefore to all their dues; tribute to whom tribute is due, custom to whom custom, fear to whom fear, honour to whom honour.

The Sarum Missal, appointed the following Epistle (which the Reformers had added to the beginning of the Epistle for Advent 1, which in Sarum was Rom 13.11-14):
THE EPISTLE.  Rom. 13. 8-10 
OWE no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth his neighbour hath fulfilled the law. For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Love works no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.

The Sarum Missal appointed only the first miracle, S. Matthew 8:23-27, the Reformers lengthened this Gospel (from "And when he was come to the other side..."):
THE GOSPEL.   S. Matthew 8. 23-34
AND when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him. And behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep. And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us, we perish. And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm. But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him!
And when he was come to the other side into the country of the Gergesenes, there met him two possessed with devils, coming out of the tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass by that way. And behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time? And there was a good way off from them an herd of many swine, feeding. So the devils besought him, saying, If thou cast us out, suffer us to go away into the herd of swine. And he said unto them, Go. And when they were come out, they went into the herd of swine: and behold, the whole herd of swine ran violently down a steep place into the sea, and perished in the waters. And they that kept them fled, and went their ways into the city, and told every thing, and what was befallen to the possessed of the devils. And behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus: and when they saw him, they besought him that he would depart out of their coasts.

The Canadian 1962 BCP returned to the same miracle as in the original Sarum Gospel, but the parallel text in St. Mark's Gospel:
S. Mark 4. 35-41
AND the same day, when the even was come, Jesus saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side.  And when they had sent away the multitude, they took him even as he was in the ship.  And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full.  And he was in the hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: and they awake him, and say unto him, Master, carest thou not that we perish?  And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace be still.  And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm.  And he said unto them, Why are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have no faith?  And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?



INTROIT.  Ps 98:1-7  
O SING unto the Lord a new song; / for he hath done marvellous things.
2 With his own right hand, and with his holy arm, / hath he gotten himself the victory.
Ant.  The Lord hath declared his salvation: / his righteousness hath he openly shewed in the sight of the nations.
4 He hath remembered his mercy and his faithfulness toward the house of Israel; / and all the ends of the world have seen the salvation of our God.
5 Show yourselves joyful unto the Lord, all ye lands: / sing, rejoice, and give thanks.
6 Praise the Lord upon the harp: / sing to the harp with a psalm of thanksgiving.
7 With trumpets also and the sound of the horn, / O show yourselves joyful before the Lord, the King.
Glory be.  Repeat Antiphon.


GRADUAL.  Ps 98:8-10
 8 Let the sea make a noise, and all that is therein; / the round world, and they that dwell therein.
9 Let the floods clap their hands, and let the hills be joyful together before the Lord; / for he is come to judge the earth.
Alleluia, All.   With righteousness shall he judge the world : and the peoples with equity.   All.

Additional Propers for Eucharistic Devotions